Thumm, Manfred: KSP Portrait – 10 Fragen an Manfred Thumm

Prof. Dr. Dr. hc. Manfred Thumm, der frühere Leiter des Instituts für Hochleistungsimpuls- und Mikrowellentechnik (IHM) am KIT, ist ein international anerkannter Experte auf dem Gebiet der Energiegewinnung durch Kernfusion. Im Wissenschaftsverlag des KIT ist soeben seine Publikation State-of-the-Art of High Power Gyro-Devices and Free Electron Masers. Update 2017 (KIT Scientific Reports ; 7750) erschienen. Im KSP Portrait erfahren Sie Näheres über Autor und Werk.

Weitere biographische Informationen und Kontaktdaten finden Sie am Ende dieses Beitrags.

1. Soeben ist Ihre Veröffentlichung State-of-the-Art of High Power Gyro-Devices and Free Electron Masers. Update 2017 (KIT Scientific Reports ; 7750) erschienen. Wie würden Sie den Inhalt in drei, vier Sätzen zusammenfassen?
Dieser Bericht geht auf den experimentellen Stand von Hochleistungs-Gyrotron-Röhren für verschiedene Anwendungen ein. Außerdem wird über frequenzdurchstimmbare Gyrotrons, Multi-MW-Gyrotrons mit koaxialem Resonator, Gyrotrons für technologische und spektroskopische Anwendungen, relativistische Gyrotrons, Zyklotron-Autoresonanz-Maser, Gyroklystrons, Gyro-TWT-und Gyrotwystron-Verstärker, Gyro-RWO, Gyro-Harmonische-Konvertoren Gyro-Peniotrons, Magnicons, und Frei-Elektronen-Maser berichtet.

2. Was war Ihre Motivation dieses Buch zu schreiben, wie kamen Sie zu diesem Thema?
Dies ist ein jährlich erscheinender Bericht, der weltweit gelesen wird, da er den weltweiten experimentellen Stand im Bereich der Gyro-Röhren und Frei-Elektronen-Maser zusammenfasst.

3. Wie lange hat es gedauert von der Idee bis zum fertigen Manuskript?
Die erste Version erschien im jahre 1993 als KfK Report 5235.

4. Stichwort „Manuskript“: Schreiben Sie an einem PC, Notebook, Tablet oder mit dem Stift?
PC und Notebook.

5. Gibt es bestimmte Werkzeuge, Services oder Techniken, die Sie beim Schreiben als besonders hilfreich empfinden?
Nein.

6. Was bereitet Ihnen beim Schreiben die größte Freude und was nervt Sie dabei am meisten?
Vieles.

7. Wie entspannen Sie während des Schreibprozesses? Was tun Sie um abzuschalten, um sich zu erholen?
Spazieren gehen.

8. Wenn Sie es sich wünschen dürften: Welchen Bestseller der Wissenschafts- oder Literaturgeschichte hätten Sie gerne selbst geschrieben?
Das Buch von Maxwell über Elektromagnetische Felder.

9. Wenn Sie drei andere, aktuelle Veröffentlichungen zu Ihrem Fachgebiet empfehlen dürften, welche drei wären das?
[1] Thumm, M., W. Wiesbeck, S. Kern: Hochfrequenzmeßtechnik – Verfahren und Meßsysteme, B.G. Teubner, Stuttgart, Germany, 1st Edition 1997, 2nd Edition 1998, ISBN 978-3-519-16360-2. [2] Kartikeyan, M.V., E. Borie, M. Thumm: Gyrotrons – High Power Microwave and Millimeter Wave Technology, Springer, Berlin, Germany, ISBN 3-540-40200-4, 2004. [3] Eichmeier, J. A., M.K. Thumm: Vacuum Electronics – Components and Devices, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, ISBN 978-3-540-71928-1, 2008.

10. Sie haben Ihr Buch im „KIT Scientific Publishing“, dem Wissenschaftsverlag des KIT, veröffentlicht. Warum haben Sie sich für diesen Verlag entschieden?
KIT Scientific Publishing enthält die Fortführung der Berichtsreihen FZKA Reports und KfK Reports.

Manfred ThummÜber Manfred Thumm (1 Artikel)

Manfred Thumm (SM’94-F’02) was born in Magdeburg, Germany, on August 5, 1943. He received the Dipl. Phys. and Dr. rer. nat. degrees in physics from University of Tübingen, Germany, in 1972 and 1976, respectively. At the University of Tübingen he was involved in the investigation of spin-dependent nuclear forces in inelastic neutron scattering. From 1972 to 1975 he was Doctoral Fellow of the Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes. In 1976 he joined the Institute for Plasma Research in the Electrical Engineering Department of the University of Stuttgart, Germany, where he worked on RF production and RF heating of toroidal pinch plasmas for thermonuclear fusion research. From 1982 to 1990 his research activities were mainly devoted to electromagnetic theory and experimental verification in the areas of component development transmission of very high power millimeter waves through oversized waveguides and of antenna structures for RF plasma heating with microwaves. In June 1990 he became a Full Professor at the Institute for Microwaves and Electronics of the University of Karlsruhe, Germany, and Head of the Gyrotron Development and Microwave Technology Division, Institute for Technical Physics, Research Center Karlsruhe (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe: FZK). From April 1999 to September 2011, he was the Director of the Institute for Pulsed Power and Microwave Technology, FZK, where his current research projects have been the development of high power gyrotrons, dielectric vacuum windows, transmission lines and antennas for nuclear fusion plasma heating, and industrial material processing. On October 1, 2009, the University of Karlsruhe and the FZK have merged to the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). M. Thumm has authored/co-authored 6 books, 21 book chapters, 383 research papers in refereed scientific journals, and more than 1480 conference proceedings articles. He holds 14 patents on active and passive microwave devices. He was member of the IEEE EDS Vacuum Devices Technical Committee and the NPSS PSAC Executive Committee, and is a member of the Chapter 8.6 Committee Vacuum Electronics and Displays of the Information Technical Society in German VDE (Chairman from 1996 to 1999) and a member of the German Physical Society. From 2007 to 2008 he was an EU member of the ITER Working Group on Heating and Current Drive, the vice chairman of the Scientific-Technical Council of the FZK and the vice chairman of the Founding Senate of the KIT. From 2008 to 2010 he was the deputy head of the Topic Fusion Technology of the KIT Energy. He was the General Chair of the IRMMW-THz 2004 and IEEE ICOPS 2008 Conference in Karlsruhe, Germany. He has been a member of the International Organization and Advisory Committees of many International Conferences and a member of the Editorial Boards of several ISI refereed journals. From 2003 to 2010 he was the ombudsman for upholding good scientific practice at FZK/KIT. Since 2012 he has been Editor for Vacuum Electron Devices of IEEE Trans. on Electron Devices, Distinguished Lecturer of IEEE NPSS, KIT Distinguished Senior Fellow and member of the International Advisory Committee of Cooperative Innovation Centre of THz Science in China. Since 2016 he serves as member of the Scientific Advisory Council of the Leibniz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology Greifswald. He was awarded with the Kenneth John Button Medal and Prize 2000, in recognition of outstanding contributions to research on the physics of gyrotrons and their applications. In 2002, he was awarded the title of Honorary Doctor, presented by the St. Petersburg State Technical University, for his outstanding contributions to the development and applications of vacuum electron devices. He received the IEEE-EDS 2008 IVEC Award for Excellence in Vacuum Electronics for outstanding achievements in the development of gyrotron oscillators, microwave mode converters and transmission line components, and their applications in thermonuclear fusion plasma heating and materials processing. Together with two of his colleagues he received the 2006 Best Paper Award of the Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy and the 2009 CST University Publication Award. In 2010 he was awarded with the IEEE-NPSS Plasma Science and Applications Award for outstanding contributions to the development of high power microwave sources (in particular gyrotrons) for application in magnetically confined fusion plasma devices as well as for stimulation and establishing of extensive international co-operations. He is a winner of the 2010 open grant competition of the Government of the Russian Federation to support scientific research projects implemented under supervision of Leading Scientists at Russian institutions of higher education (with Novosibirsk State University). Together with A. Litvak and K. Sakamoto he has been the recipient of the EPS Plasma Physics Innovation Prize 2011 for outstanding contributions to the realization of high power gyrotrons for multi-megawatt long-pulse electron cyclotron heating and current drive in magnetic confinement nuclear fusion plasma devices. In 2012 he was awarded with the Heinrich Hertz Prize of the EnBW Foundation and the KIT for outstanding contributions to generation, transmission and mode conversion of high and very high microwave power for nuclear fusion and the HECTOR School Teaching Award in Embedded Systems Engineering.


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